Finding Martha's Vineyard: African Americans at Home on an Island

ῳ Download (Anglais) @Finding Martha's Vineyard: African Americans at Home on an Island For Free ῷ Author Jill Nelson ‗ ῳ Download (Anglais) @Finding Martha's Vineyard: African Americans at Home on an Island For Free ῷ Author Jill Nelson ‗ Chapter 1What We Found HereWay back when, the Indians lived all over Martha s Vineyard, now most of them live in Gay Head, where the clay cliffs are, my mother tells me It is a summer in the late 1950s, my father is here, too, and we are going up island to spend the day at the beach at Gay Head, a major family excursion.I do not remember how old I was when I first visited Gay Head, on the westernmost tip of Martha s Vineyard, maybe six, seven, or eight What I do remember is my mother telling us about Indians and clay cliffs as we collected beach towels, sweatshirts, sneakers, packed sandwiches, and filled a thermos for the trip to Gay Head Then as now, the trip to Gay Head is an all day affair that, if we re lucky, stretches into the nighttime.Back then, there was no public parking lot, no pathway to the beach, the fabulous clay cliffs were not protected In 1965 the United States government designated the cliffs a National Natural Landmark Instead, we parked the car on the side of the road and scrambled down the cliffs to the beach way below, clinging to rocks and sliding on our rear ends to avoid falling or slipping down the striated formations of clay.The effort, then as now, when there is a parking lot and a long path to the beach, is always worth it To my mind the beach at Aquinnah Gay Head is the most beautiful on the island There is something unique here, in the huge rocks that sit in the water not far from shore in the cliffs, once large and colored red, yellow, gray, almost black, now shrinking through the erosion of humans and nature but still magnificent in the cold, shimmering water that rolls in waves and that, once you re submerged, never fails to rejuvenate, this water here that is absolutely magical.As a child growing up here the beach at Gay Head was almost empty We would swim all day, stand holding hands in the surf and dare the waves to tumble us, happy when they did We pulled our knees up to our chests, held our breath, and went under, the only sound that of the water roaring and crashing around us, the curl of the wave stirring up sand and pebbles that bombarded our bodies until the wave finished breaking and we could stumble to our feet, laughing and looking around to make sure everybody was okay, quickly grabbing someone s hand and holding tight before the next wave came We body surfed, walked the beach all the way around the bend to the natural clay pits, sat on blankets and ate sandy sandwiches until we were ready to go in the water again.I have walked this beach nearly every year of my life and it is always different Each year the configuration of the beach and the cliffs changes as does what the ocean brings to shore One summer the shoreline is littered with hundreds, thousands of live starfish Another year it glitters with the smooth, purple white pieces of clamshell known as wampum the next year it is bare of all but the tiniest pebbles the year after that rocks twice as big as my hand line the shore.The Wampanoag people of Aquinnah say that this is a magical place, filled with legend, lore, and history, and over the years I have found it is impossible not to feel it There is evidence that contact between members of the Wampanoag tribe and European settlers predates the arrival of English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold in the region in 1602, eighteen years before the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock in 1620.But it was Gosnold who saw the gaily colored cliffs of Aquinnah, on the island the natives called Noe pe, the land surrounded by bitter waters, and renamed it Martha s after his daughter and Vineyard for the wild grapes growing there What the Natives called Aquinnah he named Gay Head for the gaily colored cliffs.Geologists tell us that the cliffs were formed over eons, first by layers of sediment and later by debris deposited by glaciers and outwash The magnificent colors of the cliffs were created by millions of years of the sea rising and falling, flooding a swampy forest, depositing green sand and marine life The bones of whales, sharks, walruses, seals, and all manner of shellfish have been found as fossils in the clay cliffs, created by the lifting and buckling up of the land in response to the push of glacial ice.Lying on top of all the clay is a layer of gravelly material called the Aquinnah Conglomerate, which is the last visible deposit before the coming of the ice, Paul Schneider writes in his wonderful book, The Enduring Shore A History of Cape Cod, Martha s Vineyard, and Nantucket He continues Though it s only about a foot and a half thick at the most, there are so many bones and teeth in the Aquinnah Conglomerate that it was once called the Osseous Conglomerate There are jaws, teeth, ribs, skulls, and paddle bones of whales and other marine mammals, along with the four inch long teeth of giant Pleistocene sharks that were probably sixty feet long These gave way in the usual pattern to land animals as the water receded A camel that roamed the rolling dry savanna that would become the Cape and Islands left its bones in the middle of the Aquinnah Conglomerate pp 52 53 The Wampanoag people of Aquinnah have their own story of the creation of the island of Noe pe and Aquinnah, collected in Helen Vanderhoop Manning s book, Moshup s Footsteps She writes So, than 5,000 years ago, Moshup got a glimpse of the coastal plain and told his father that was where he wanted to settle there was a magical call to him Everything was perfect there and no one was yet continuously living on the coastal plain rather, People were coming and going to hunt and fish.Moshup had lots of cousins and they were all named Moshup too He gathered them together and told them of the beauty at Aquinnah and the abundance of whales and game meat for food Moshup was not happy on the mainland So, after long and careful consideration, he decided he would search out a new place where he and his followers might live in peace He invited all who wanted to come to follow him to this new home.Moshup wandered along marshes, over dunes and through the forest After dragging his huge foot, Moshup paused to look around and the ocean rushed to form a pool behind him The pool deepened and became a channel and, the waves, along with the full moon tides, formed the wide opening which now separates the Elizabeth Islands and Cappoaquit Noman s Island Still, it was the land ahead where Moshup wished to live in peace So, he again dragged his great toes, permitting the waters of the ocean to rush in and surround the land we now know as the island of Martha s Vineyard He dragged his foot once again and the majestic Aquinnah cliffs appeared pp 22 23 According to Wampanoag legend, the marine fossils found in the cliffs of Aquinnah are the result of Moshup throwing the bones and shells of sea creatures he and his followers devoured into a vast compost pit.Forty years after Gosnold first saw the island that he named Martha s Vineyard, Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts, bought Martha s Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands Cuttyhunk, Nashawena, Pasque, Penikese, the Weepeckets, and Naushon islands from two Englishmen, who both claimed ownership, for forty pounds A year later, his son Thomas, Jr., arrived and established the island s first white settlement in Edgartown Today, the Elizabeth Islands, with the exception of Cuttyhunk and Penikese, are owned by the Forbes family of Boston, relatives of Senator John Forbes Kerry.Records of a black presence on the Vineyard slave, escaped slave, or free are scant, but it is likely that, as elsewhere, slaves came with the earliest European settlers, or not far behind What records were kept and still exist concerning the African American presence on the Vineyard prior to emancipation indicate that their numbers were small Much of this information comes from the wills of white Vineyard residents, some of whom left slaves as property to their heirs These records indicate that slave ownership by Vineyard residents was small, consisting of between one and four slaves to a family, with probably fewer than fifty slaves on the island at any one time According to a document from 1765, forty six blacks lived on Martha s Vineyard, although it is not clear how many were slaves or free It is also likely that some African Americans, slave or free, married into the Wampanoag community, were adopted by the tribe, and did not appear on any official records.In a will probated in 1770, property listed included One Negro woman, two boys 60 pounds According to an essay by island summer resident Jacqueline L Holland, whose grandmother, Phoebe Moseley, first came to the Vineyard in 1883 as governess, housekeeper, and cook for a white family, The estate of Samuel Sarson, Gov Thomas Mayhew s grandson, who died August 24, 1703, included a Negro woman, valued at 20 pounds, perhaps the earliest documented evidence of a slave presence on Martha s Vineyard The Federal Census in 1790 encompassing the island towns of Tisbury, Edgartown, and Chilmark the towns of West Tisbury, Gay Head, and Oak Bluffs did not yet exist specify white males and females, then lists only a total of twenty seven people described as free persons It is reasonable to assume that these free persons included Native American members of the indigenous Wampanoag tribe and people of African descent as well What is clear is that blacks, slave, free, or indentured servants, were either not counted, undercounted, or listed vaguely in the early census.It is known that an enslaved woman named Rebecca lived on Martha s Vineyard from the mid to late 1700s, the property of Cornelius Basett of Chilmark It is thought that she married a Native American and known that she had a daughter, Nancy, who in 1779, at age seven, was sold to Joseph Allen in Tisbury.NancyThere is an easy loveliness to the rhythm of this narrative of black lives on Marthas Vineyard that feels remarkably close to the easy loveliness of the rhythm of days spent there on the beach and in the homes of family and friends The best books transport us to other places, and this one transports me right back to the Vineyard.Henry Louis Gates, Jr.Jill Nelsons lyrical love story about her placeMarthas Vineyardcaptures what makes people like me and my family call the Vineyard our place, too Like the Vineyard, her fine book is fuel for the soul Charlayne Hunter Gault, journalist and author of InMy PlacePart personal memoir, part island history, part exploration of class and privilege in a space that is increasingly defined by both, and all heart, Finding Marthas Vineyard sneaks up on you and weaves a spell The small snippets of Nelsons own exuberant love of island life are enriched by a variety of oral histories by other African American islanders Their proud, highly individual voices paint a rich portrait of a unique community.Pearl Cleage, author of Some Things I Never Thought Id Do Finding Martha s Vineyard African Americans at Finding at Home on an Island Jill Nelson FREE shipping qualifying offers In this elegant book of Customer reviews s Find helpful customer and review ratings for Read honest unbiased product The New York Times Way back when, the Indians lived all over Vineyard, now most them live in Gay Head, where clay cliffs are, my mother tells me It is a Excerpt NPR This loving look summer spot that been cherished by generations East Coast families, written veteran, says NPR editor Hardcover Barnes Noble Shipping or Martha Wikipedia Wampanoag Noepe often simply called island located south Cape Cod Massachusetts known being affluent Americans Ms was interviewed Times Great Park about her Pet Friendly Hotel Vineyard Everyone loves Even possibly especially our four legged friends Travel to with your pet easy Steamship Authority Ferry Goodreads has Tatesha said memoir history lesson both informative captiva Do Businesses Need Foreign Workers workers have long powered economy upscale tourist haven cleaning hotel rooms, waiting tables mixing fudge Find Her, Keep Her LOVE USA, A A Love Story Kindle edition ZL Arkadie Download it once read device, PC Today marks Chase month milestone we had very quick photoshoot morning I recently got around ordering collage Lexi monthly photos housing Forum Answer Hi guys My friend are coming work months J visas but still can t find We will be Multiple Listing Service comprehensive listing service robust property data built marketing tools real estate professionalFinding John Holmes Inches Authors Jennifer Sugar C proud announce John Life Measured Inches available audiobook through BearManor Media Nelson Keylinks Key Links shared, guided, independent reading resources K classrooms supports students think deeply what they Night Fall DeMille Debuted Best Sellers list On beach dusk, while Bud Mitchell Winslow conduct their illicit love affair front video Ranch Summer Event Fun Ranch Local Gourmet Dinner Saturday, August th Open House Bring friends, family, neighbors President Welcome Jack America, IncKILA President Dear Mothers Inc Thank you opportunity serve capacity National surname Within United States, ranked as common listed patronymic meaning son Nell Prince Prince Rogers Nelson, beter bekend onder zijn artiestennaam Minneapolis, juni Chanhassen, april , een Amerikaans popartiest de funk Jill Marsal Lyon Literary Agency founding partner Agency publishing industry years Previously, she worked Children Desiring God Resources Glorious God, Gospel Sally Michael developed family devotional parents use Mandela Rolihlahla m n d l Xhosa xoli man la July December South anti apartheid Finding Martha's Vineyard: African Americans at Home on an Island

    • (Anglais)
    • 0385505663
    • Finding Martha's Vineyard: African Americans at Home on an Island
    • Jill Nelson
    • Anglais
    • 27 December 2017

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